Preliminaries Aristotle wrote two ethical treatises: In any case, these two works cover more or less the same ground: Both treatises examine the conditions in which praise or blame are appropriate, and the nature of pleasure and friendship; near the end of each work, we find a brief discussion of the proper relationship between human beings and the divine. Though the general point of view expressed in each work is the same, there are many subtle differences in organization and content as well.
Without friends no one would choose to live, though he had all other goods;-Aristotle Friendship is perhaps the highest summit of the moral life. Friendship is a worthy outlet for the talents and energies of great-souled people.
Friendship likewise completes and goes beyond justice. And spontaneous acts of friendship tend to be more pleasant than impersonal acts of virtue for the doer as well as for the recipient. Pangle, Aristotle and the Philosophy of Friendship, p. First, remember that a we are social animals.
Our good is the good of a being that lives with others and so must in some way be bound up with the good of others.
Goodwill is to recognize what would be good for someone else and to wish that it come about. We are capable of recognizing what is good for someone and then to wish that good for him or her. Goodwill does not need to be recognized: And so it does not need to be mutual either.
We wish goodwill to athletes when we cheer for them, e. We cannot however, have goodwill toward nonpersons: Yet goodwill can extend to fictional persons. One can wish a movie character well while watching a film, e.
There seems to be some idea here that one must to some extent identify with something before one can wish it well. Perhaps one can have goodwill toward pets insofar as one anthropomorphizes them.
Eros does not require reciprocity: There is no distinction between loving and liking here. Unlike goodwill, love implies some kind of commitment and cost, though it need not be great. This commitment includes affection and a disposition to do something to promote the welfare of the loved being or object.
Eros is a kind of passionate desire for an object, typically sexual in nature and is what we most often mean when we speak of romantic love. Aristotle further distinguishes three kinds of friendship: There are therefore three kinds of friendship, equal in number to the things that are lovable; for with respect to each there is a mutual and recognized love, and those who love each other wish well to each other in that respect in which they love one another.
Now those who love each other for their utility do not love each other for themselves but in virtue of some good which they get from each other. So too with those who love for the sake of pleasure; it is not for their character that men love ready-witted people, but because they find them pleasant.
Therefore those who love for the sake of utility love for the sake of what is good for themselves, and those who love for the sake of pleasure do so for the sake of what is pleasant to themselves, and not in so far as the other is the person loved but in so far as he is useful or pleasant.
And thus these friendships are only incidental; for it is not as being the man he is that the loved person is loved, but as providing some good or pleasure. Such friendships, then, are easily dissolved, if the parties do not remain like themselves; for if the one party is no longer pleasant or useful the other ceases to love him.Aristotle further distinguishes three kinds of friendship: friendships of use, friendships of pleasure.
philia or true friendship.
these reasons differ from each other in kind; so, therefore, do the corresponding forms of love and friendship. There are therefore three kinds .
Aristotle figured there were three kinds of friendships. 1) Friendships of utility: exist between you and someone who is useful to you in some srmvision.com instance, perhaps you're friendly with your.
The 3 kinds of friends you will meet. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the Macedonian city of Stagira in srmvision.com Aristotle has said -“Wishing to be friends is quick work, but friendship is a slow-ripening fruit”.
Aristotle classifies friendships into three different types according to the basis of the relationship. The first is friendship based on usefulness. In speaking of this sort of friendship, Aristotle seems to have in mind primarily a sort . According to these three kinds of loving, Aristotle distinguishes three types of friendships.
If someone likes to benefit, they don’t love the other person but the benefit they get from them. For this reason, his friendship cannot be called a real friendship. Friendship is clearly necessary and splendid, but people disagree on its precise nature.
Friendship consists of a mutual feeling of goodwill between two people. There are three kinds of friendship. The first is friendship based on utility, where both people derive some benefit from each other. The.