Greywacke statue of the pharaoh Menkaure and his queen consortKhamerernebty II. The royal capital of Egypt during this period was located at Memphiswhere Djoser — BCE established his court. The Old Kingdom is perhaps best known, however, for the large number of pyramidswhich were constructed at this time as pharaonic burial places. For this reason, this epoch is frequently referred to as "the Age of the Pyramids.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Pharaonic Egypt thrived for some 3, years through a series of native dynasties that were interspersed with brief periods of foreign rule. After Alexander the Great conquered the region in bc, urban Egypt became an integral part of the Hellenistic world.
Under the Greek Ptolemaic dynastyan advanced literate society thrived in the city of Alexandria, but what is now Egypt was conquered by the Romans in 30 bc.
Pyramids dating from the 3rd millennium bc, Giza plateau near Cairo. Following the conquests, both urban and rural culture began to adopt elements of Arab culture, and an Arabic vernacular eventually replaced the Egyptian language as the common means of spoken discourse.
The French occupation, which ended inmarked the first time a European power had conquered and occupied Egypt, and it set the stage for further European involvement. The concern of the European powers namely France and the United Kingdomwhich were major shareholders in the canal to safeguard the canal for strategic and commercial reasons became one of the most important factors influencing the subsequent history of Egypt.
In a military coup installed a revolutionary regime that promoted a combination of socialism and Pan-Arab nationalism.
Egypt led the Arab states in a series of wars against Israel but was the first of those states to make peace with the Jewish state, which it did in With opposition political activity tightly restricted, decades of popular frustration erupted into mass demonstrations in The uprising forced Pres.
Power was transferred to an elected government inand a new constitution was adopted at the end of the year. This elected government, however, was toppled a year later when the military intervened to remove the newly elected president, Mohammed Morsia member of the Islamist Muslim Brotherhoodfollowing a series of massive public demonstrations against his administration.
For a discussion of unrest and political change in Egypt insee Egypt Uprising of Present-day Egypt, however, is largely urban.
Tourism has traditionally provided an enormous portion of foreign exchange, but that industry has been subject to fluctuations during times of political and civil unrest in the region. In the north its Mediterranean coastline is about miles 1, kmand in the east its coastline on the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba is about 1, miles 1, km.
Relief The topography of Egypt is dominated by the Nile. For about miles 1, km of its northward course through the country, the river cuts its way through bare desert, its narrow valley a sharply delineated strip of green, abundantly fecund in contrast to the desolation that surrounds it.
The Nile divides the desert plateau through which it flows into two unequal sections—the Western Desertbetween the river and the Libyan frontier, and the Eastern Desertextending to the Suez Canal, the Gulf of Suezand the Red Sea.
Each of the two has a distinctive character, as does the third and smallest of the Egyptian deserts, the Sinai.
The Western Desert a branch of the Libyan Desert is arid and without wadis dry beds of seasonal riverswhile the Eastern Desert is extensively dissected by wadis and fringed by rugged mountains in the east. The desert of central Sinai is open country, broken by isolated hills and scored by wadis.Egypt, country located in the northeastern corner of Africa.
Egypt’s heartland, the Nile River valley and delta, was the home of one of the principal civilizations of the ancient Middle East and, like Mesopotamia farther east, was the site of one of the world’s earliest urban and literate societies.
Sep 16, · I created this video with the YouTube Video Editor (srmvision.com). This ancient land, 97 percent desert with the world's longest river running through it, encompasses more than 6, years of history and culture that is both world famous and mysterious, posing questions that even the most learned experts still cannot answer.
Sep 16, · Mix - Ancient Egypt Documentary - Complete History - B.C. to 30 B.C. Part 1 YouTube THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE FOREVER TIME:#7 THE GOD KNOWLEDGE - Duration: DAMON T.
BERRY FILMMAKER. His is the first of thirty Egyptian dynasties, spanning nearly three millennia - an example of social continuity rivalled in human history only by China. In the early centuries, and again in the closing stages of ancient Egypt, the capital is at Memphis, near modern-day Cairo.
The history of Egypt has been long and rich, due to the flow of the Nile River with its fertile banks and delta, as well as the accomplishments of Egypt's native inhabitants and .