The eseach pape is a compehensive thematic eview of the scholaly liteatue elated to the topic.
Transactional leadership employs three different techniques.
The contingent reward technique is based on an employee receiving a reward for outstanding performance and if the expected performance is not achieved the employee will incur a penalty. Active management by exception is where the leader throughout the task process monitors the employee, identifying deviations in standards that need corrections.
Passive management by exception is when the leader does nothing until after the task is complete and then notifies employees of the deficiencies in their performance. Studies on transactional leadership have shown that it can be effective in certain organizations or if combined with other leadership styles.
Each technique has a different effect on job performance and satisfaction. Positive relationships between follower satisfaction and performance have been shown in the contingent reward and active management by exception techniques.
There is a negative relationship between passive management by exception with follower job satisfaction and performance. Transactional leadership must not be the only leadership style utilized for organization success.
According to Bassa small number of relationships between leaders and followers depend on the leaders actual power to convince people to do their job; instead an explanation of the standards is explained with the reward that will receive once the task is accomplish with satisfaction.
This paper will discuss the transactional leadership theory and the effects on employee performance within an organization. Transactional leaders expect employees to be dedicated to goal completion, have the expectation that they will complete the goal, and expect to receive a reward for successful performance Wofford et al.
Transactional Contingent Reward Leadership Jane Howell and Bruce Avolio described contingent reward leadership as a constructive exchange between leaders and employees where the employee is rewarded or disciplined based on job performance. A passive management by exception leader typically will not take corrective action until after a problem emerges Bass et al.
Transactional Leadership Effects Transactional leadership has shown to have a: A study conducted by Howell and Avolio suggest that positive unit performance was a result of other leadership styles not associated with transactional leadership. Transactional Leadership plays a significant role in effective leadership, especially in situations that tend to have more difficult processes, or when the leader will be required to motivate an individual based on his or her strengths and weakness Bass et al.
Since transactional leaders are more concerned with employee performance and reward for a job well done, the vision of the organization can be lost in the process Wofford et al. Since contingent reward establishes a foundation that if an employee performs at a certain level they will receive an award, the leader can expect that the employee will continue to satisfactorily complete assigned tasks at the expected level to continue to receive the reward.
In a military setting there is a constant change of personnel so transactional contingent reward leadership is successful in providing organization structure and clear mission goals, this leadership style will maintain unit cohesion Bass et al.
Howell and Avolio states that when leaders delay setting standards and waiting to take action until issues occur has a damaging effect on job satisfaction and performance, this mainly happens in passive management by exception.
A study conducted to examine unit strength, structure, and how each predicts unit performance showed that active management by expectance proved to be successful while passive management by expectance proved to be unsuccessful Bass et al.Aug 09, · View and download leadership theory essays examples.
Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for . Transactional leadership centers on the role of supervision, organization, and group performance. This theory of leadership was first described in by sociologist Max Weber and further explored by Bernard M. Bass in the early s.
Take a closer look at how the transactional style works as well as some of the potential benefits and. Essays & Papers Transactional leadership ). This paper will discuss the transactional leadership theory and the effects on employee performance within an organization.
Since transactional contingent reward leadership explicitly explains leader expectations and offers rewards or incentives when goals are satisfactorily completed.
AFAM Intro to African American Studies This course provides an overview of African American history and culture. Topics include major events, persons, and issues spanning the period from the African heritage to contemporary times. Dr Vèna Arielle Ahouansou is a medical doctor and the CEO of KEA Medicals Pharmaceutics & Technologies.
KEA Medicals is a company that improves the health care system in Africa through its electronic patient record management software. Transformational Vs Transactional Leadership Theory.
Print or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.
Number of Leadership theories evolved on the basis of Trait, Behavioral, Transformational, Situational, Charisma. between transactional and.